Russian Prefixes

In the Russian language every prefix has its own meaning. There're 49 of them altogether! I will try to cover most of them in these coming series. In this lessons let's take a look at the most difficult and most frequently confused ones - ПРИ-  and  ПРЕ-

First let's take a look at the meanings of ПРИ :

1. Denotes approaching something:

ПРИшел, ПРИехал, ПРИбежал, ПРИкатился.

Прибыл поезд, приплыл теплоход (train has arrived ; steam boat has arrived)

Космонавт прилетел из космоса (An astrounaut has arrived from the space)

In words придет,прилетит,приплывет you use ПРИ- of course (not ПРЕ).

2. Denotes attaching/adding something to something:

ПРИбил (гвоздь), ПРИшил (пуговицу), ПРИделал (ручка) - has hammered a nail,  has sawn a button, has attached a handle

3. Denotes a location around someplace:

ПРИморье (у моря) by the sea , ПРИгород (вблизи города) next to the city, ПРИшкольный (рядом со школой) near the school

4. Denotes an uncompleted action:

Немного поднял - ПРИподнял (half lifted)

Слегка дотронулся - ПРИкоснулся (hardly touched)

Ненадолго сел - ПРИсел (sat down for a short time)

Не совсем заглушил - ПРИглушил (turned down a little)


In some cases however it's hard to tell the meaning of these prefixes for sure.  For example,  ПРИзнавать(to acknowledge ), ПРИгодный (suitable).

Learning Russian language is easy and interesting. You can learn Russian online using video and audio lessons. Besides the language learn more about Russia.  Get registered, make some friends while studying to share helpful tips on learning Russian. The best way to learn Russian is to start to speak it first. Grammar is important and trust me it will come with time. You can learn to speak Russian phrases with 'How to speak Russian in 30 lessons" course. Speak Russian words and practice your writing skills in Blog and Forum.