Adjectives

Now why don't we learn Russian adjectives? Adjectives indicate attributes of objects (quality, characteristics, possesiveness): папина машина (a father's car), молодой человек (a young man) and agree with the nouns they modify in gender, number, and case: увидел красивую девушку (saw a beautiful girl), звонил местным депутатам (called local deputies). In the Accusative case adjectives might have different forms depending on animation/inanimation of the noun: веду новый проект, вижу нового участника (I manage a new project, see a new participant). Normally these affixes are used to form adjectives: -н-, -оват, -еват-, -ист-, -к-, -ск- and others: весенний дождь (spring rain), американский (americal). Sound interesting? Let's learn moreSmile!

Russian advesbs

In this lessons we'll learn about Russian Adverbs. Adverbs are used to define the characteristics of adjectives and verbs : идти быстро (to walk fast), жить дружно (to live peacefully), прыгать высоко (to jump high).
Adverbs are normally formed from other parts of speech.  For emample :
  • from Nouns : глубина(depth) - вглубь (downward), ряд (row) - подряд (in a row);
  • from Adjectives : громкий (loud) - громко (loudly), японский (japanese) - по-японски (japanese or japanese way);
  • from Numerals: четыре (four) - вчетвером (four of us); первый (first) - во-первых (first of all);
  • from Pronouns: ничей (no one's) - вничью (draw ending)
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Declension of Russian adjectives

Like nouns Russian adjectives have 3 types of declension. The table below sums up the differences we need to know to tell one from the other:

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Comparative form of Russian adjectives

Only qualitative adjectives can have comparative forms: сильный, сильнее, самый сильный или сильнейший (strong, stronger, the strongest). Take a look at the table:

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Russian adjectives

Russian adjectives have short and long forms. Remember that only qualitative adjectives may have both long and short forms (красивый- красив, быстрый- быстр). Although in modern Russian language the use of the long form is preferred, you will most likely come across the short form as well:

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Russian Adjectives : quantative, possesive and relative

Adjectives fall into 3 categories: qualitative, relative and possesive.

Qualitative denote different qualities of an object directly:

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